Our main office:
2797 Bathurst St. #100 • Toronto ON • M6B 4B9
Satellite location:

1450 Clark Ave. W. #22 • Thornhill ON • L4J 7R5


Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities
An orthodontist is a specialist who has completed an accredited advanced education residency program following dental school to learn the special skills required to manage tooth movement and guide facial development.
  • A more attractive smile
  • Reduced appearance-consciousness during critical development years
  • Better function of the teeth
  • Possible increase in self-confidence
  • Increased ability to clean the teeth
  • Improved force distribution and wear patterns of the teeth
  • Upper front teeth protrude excessively over the lower teeth, or are bucked
  • Upper front teeth cover the majority of the lower teeth when biting together (deep bite)
  • Upper front teeth are behind or inside the lower front teeth (underbite)
  • The upper and lower front teeth do not touch when biting together (open bite)
  • Crowded or overlapped teeth
  • The center of the upper and lower teeth do not line up
  • Finger or thumb sucking habits which continue after six or seven years old
  • Difficulty chewing
  • Teeth wearing unevenly or excessively
  • The lower jaw shifts to one side or the other when biting together
  • Spaces between the teeth
The American Association of Orthodontists recommends a check-up with an orthodontic specialist no later than age 7.

Why your child should get an orthodontic check-up no later than age 7:
  • Orthodontists can spot subtle problems with jaw growth and emerging teeth while some baby teeth are still present.
  • While your child’s teeth may appear to be straight, there could be a problem that only an orthodontist can detect.
  • The check-up may reveal that your child’s bite is fine. Or, the orthodontist may identify a developing problem but recommend monitoring the child’s growth and development, and then, if indicated, begin treatment at the appropriate time for the child. In other cases, the orthodontist might find a problem that can benefit from early treatment.
  • Early treatment may prevent more serious problems from developing and may make treatment at a later age shorter and less complicated.
  • In some cases, the orthodontist will be able to achieve results that may not be possible once the face and jaws have finished growing.
  • Early treatment may give your orthodontist the chance to:
  • guide jaw growth
  • lower the risk of trauma to protruded front teeth
  • correct harmful oral habits
  • improve appearance
  • guide permanent teeth into a more favorable position
  • improve the way lips meet
  • Through an early orthodontic evaluation, you’ll be giving your child the best opportunity for a healthy, beautiful smile. Because patients differ in both physiological development and treatment needs, the orthodontist’s goal is to provide each patient with the most appropriate treatment at the most appropriate time. “Courtesy American Association of Orthodontists”
Phase I, or early interceptive treatment, is limited orthodontic treatment (i.e. expander or partial braces) before all of the permanent teeth have erupted. Such treatment can occur between the ages of six and ten. This treatment is sometimes recommended to make more space for developing teeth, correction of crossbites, overbites, underbites, or harmful oral habits.
Phase II treatment is also called comprehensive treatment, because it involves full braces when all of the permanent teeth have erupted, usually between the ages of eleven and thirteen.
Orthodontic treatment can be successful at any age. Everyone wants a beautiful and healthy smile. Twenty to twenty five percent of orthodontic patients today are adults.
Braces use steady gentle pressure to gradually move teeth into their proper positions. The brackets that are placed on your teeth and the archwire that connects them are the main components. When the archwire is placed into the brackets, it tries to return to its original shape. As it does so, it applies pressure to move your teeth to their new, more ideal positions.
Treatment times vary on a case-by-case basis, but the average time is from one to two years. Actual treatment time can be affected by rate of growth and severity of the correction necessary. Treatment length is also dependent upon patient compliance. Maintaining good oral hygiene and keeping regular appointments are important in keeping treatment time on schedule.
The placement of bands and brackets on your teeth does not hurt. Once your braces are placed and connected with the archwires you may feel some soreness of your teeth for one to four days. Your lips and cheeks may need one to two weeks to get used to the braces on your teeth.
No. It is recommended, however, that patients protect their smiles by wearing a mouth guard when participating in any sporting activity. Mouth guards are inexpensive, comfortable, and come in a variety of colors and patterns.
No. However, there may be an initial period of adjustment. In addition, brace covers can be provided to prevent discomfort.
Yes, you should continue to see your general dentist every six months for cleanings and dental checkups.
If you didn’t clean all the “plaque” off your teeth after each time you ate something you can get decalcification (white marks – early stage of cavities) or actual cavities (darker stained areas or holes in the enamel). When you eat something, the bacteria also get fed, and when they eat, they produce acids for at least 90 minutes – this acid attacks your enamel and causes the marks (whitish acid burns) that can become cavities. It also Causes gum inflammation (gingivitis). See the animation below (please note that the area protected by the brace does not show damage – the glue we use seals and prevents cavities underneath the braces – we cannot seal the whole tooth unfortunately!) Click Here! To download or print The Decalcification Doc.

Decalcification can happen to all patients but its prevalence increases when wearing braces because it is more difficult to clean the teeth. Procedures we are following for all patients to help prevent decalcification during orthodontic treatment are as follows:
  • Instructions to promote good oral hygiene including diet habits (always brush and rinse after eating).
  • Asking patients to use a .05% fluoride rinse daily.
  • Using dental bonding agents that release fluoride.
  • Asking your dentist to apply fluoride each 6 months during active treatment. This recharges the fluoride in the bonding agent.
  • Minimizing time that fixed braces are on the teeth.
  • Shallow decalcification can be remineralized with fluoride rinse and fluoride toothpaste and in time the whiteness or brownness may diminish or disappear.
A retainer is designed to keep your teeth where your braces moved them. If you’re wearing retainers after braces and you don’t follow your doctor’s instructions, your teeth could move toward the original positions, erasing some of the great results you achieved from treatment. “Courtesy American Association of Orthodontics”